THE EFFECT OF SELF-MYOFASCIAL RELEASE ON RECOVERY AND PERFORMANCE IN RESISTANCE TRAINING
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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Context: Delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is the damage and pain, which occurs in muscles post-exercise. DOMS is a symptom experienced by anyone who has partaken in exercise training, particularly eccentric exercise. DOMS symptoms include stiffness, pain, reduction in range of motion and a decrease in strength production. Its effects aren’t limited to the novice gym goer, whom however may experience more extensive muscle damage due to inexperience of training and muscles being unaccustomed. But also apply to the elite athlete the result of which can stop them from reaching greater training volumes and can lead to overtraining or injury. There are many known interventions for the treatment of DOMS however there has been limited success reported in aiding recovery and even less by means of enhancing subsequent strength and power performance. Aims: To examine the effectiveness of self-myofascial release in aiding recovery following resistance training and enhancing subsequent strength and power performance. Participants: Eight Male (Mean ± SD; age 20.6 ± 0.5 years, height 178.3 ± 7.5 cm, body mass 76.6 ± 6.2 kg) sports students from the University of Wales Institute Cardiff (UWIC) Method: Participants were randomly assigned into either a self myofascial release or control group. DOMS was induced with five sets of ten squats and three sets of ten single leg extensions at 70% of participants 1 repetition maximum (1RM), which was followed by self-myofascial release (Massage) or passive recovery (control). Leg girth, Sprint speed, muscle force measurements and muscle strength were assessed at 30 minutes, 24 and 48 hours post exercise. A random crossover design was used and after a 10-day rest period the second testing period took place. Results: SMR did not significantly affect countermovement jump performance (peak velocity, peak power, max rate of force development, peak force, peak displacement)’ leg girth, 20m sprint time, maximal strength tests (barbell squat, single leg leg-extension) (P>0.05). Conclusion: Self-myofascial release had no significant effect on the recovery of markers of muscle function in the period following EIMD. This research does not show evidence that SMR is an effective treatment in aiding the recovery of DOMS and loss of muscle function in trained athletes.
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