THE NEGOTIATION OF CAPITAL IN UNIVERISTY SPORT
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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This study aimed to understand the ever changing power and social relations that take place within coaching environments. Where coaches have to deal with the dynamics of social ranking systems, social norms of sport societies and the possible effects these relations could have within athletes performing in university sport (Kelly et al., 2011). Due to these factors opportunities are created within social groups and teams to be the one in power or with power, depending on one’s interaction with others and how they tend to interpret the social norms and dynamics of their social interactions (Downie et al., 2008). The concept was based around Pierre Bourdieu’s sense of distinction, in that society is based around individual’s capital and their personal taste, which follows what they see as the norm of society. Single semi-structured interviews were used to collect the data from three participants that were in their first year at university playing hockey for the 1st XI university team. The findings highlighted that social status can impact performance, by means of selection and feeling the pressure of the game, and that due to the norms of society in university sport, one’s capital can impact how others respect and interact with you depending on how much capital you engross within the system (Snyder et al., 2009). Regarding the difference in how much capital the different years hold within the system due to their respect on and off the pitch. It was concluded that first years tend to have a base of capital that can be increased as they move up the pecking order of the sporting society’s norms of social ranking (Kelly et al., 2011).
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