THE EFFECTS OF MOTIVATIONAL MUSIC UPON 10 KM CYCLING TIME TRIAL PERFORMANCE
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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Athletes are always striving to be better than the opposition, either legally or illegally. The use of illegal substances has caused professional and reputable athletes to receive long-term bans and punishment. However there are legal ergogenic aids that can benefit performance. One aid that has been receiving a great deal of interest is the use of music. This study aimed to investigate the psychophysical effects that music can have upon 10km cycling time-trial performance. This was done by comparing data on time to completion (TTC), heart rate (HR), power (W), cadence (rpm), speed (km/h), RPE and affective states. Eleven male undergraduate students, age (years) 20±1, stature (cm) 180.76±4.85, body mass (kg) 77.31±12.42, from the University of Wales Institute, Cardiff (UWIC) completed two 10km time trials on an Orbea road bike attached to a TACX ergometer once without music, the second, with a motivational music accompaniment. Participants completed the BMRI-2 instrument on 25 pre-selected songs to decide which tracks would be utilised within the intervention trial. Time to completion, despite improving by 33 seconds proved to be insignificant to a 95% confidence level. Power (W) (p=.604), cadence (p=.740), HR (p=676), also proved to be insignificant. Speed and split times did prove to be significant (p=.013,.017) with a music accompaniment and the findings showed that the second half of the trial was where the participants were significantly faster (p=.035 and .038) than the opening half with the music intervention (p=.221, .236). This study has found that no overall performance benefits can be observed with a music accompaniment, however from a psychological perspective the exerciser expresses a reduced sense of exertion and elicited a more enjoyable exercise experience. Practically, the findings of this study show that even if performance is not improved, a more enjoyable experience can be had, a finding, which could be applied to not necessarily competitive performance, but to training prior to an event or to exercise within special populations such as sedentary who struggle to exercise.
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