IDENTIFYING THE EFFECTS OF EMPOWERMENT ON ATHLETES’ INTRINSIC MOTIVATION WITHIN AN AMATEUR RUGBY CLUB
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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Coaches’ approaches to empowering their athletes are influential to the subordinates’ motivation differently. This study used a causal research design whereby three rugby coaches and six athletes from a semi-professional league club were interviewed to determine themes of empowerment and intrinsic motivation. Qualitative data analysis using coding and synopses unearthed four key themes: the positive influence of higher experience levels on the ability for athletes to be empowered, the facilitating behaviours of the coaches rather than fully enabling the players, the unequal distribution of power within the team and the positive effect of empowerment upon intrinsic motivation. The results confirmed two hypotheses proposed prior to the data collection. The first was that empowered athletes would describe a greater sense of intrinsic motivation; the second, that coaches will determine factors of that inhibit the implementation of empowerment although they see the numerous benefits that come with it.
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