A qualitative exploration of choking in elite golf
Hill, Denise M.
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This study explores the antecedents, mechanisms, influencing variables, and consequences of choking in sport and identifies interventions that may alleviate choking. Through the use of qualitative methods, the experiences of six elite golfers who choked frequently under pressure were examined and compared with five elite golfers who excelled frequently under pressure. The perspectives of four coaches who had worked extensively with elite golfers who had choked and excelled, were also considered. The study indicated that the participants choked as a result of distraction, which was caused by various stressors. Self-confidence, preparation, and perfectionism were identified as key influencing variables of the participants’ choking episodes, and the consequence of choking was a significant drop in performance that affected negatively future performances. Process goals, cognitive restructuring, imagery, simulated training, and a pre/postshot routine were perceived as interventions that may possibly prevent choking.
Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology
Hill, D.M., Hanton, S., Matthews, N. and Fleming, S. (2010) 'A qualitative exploration of choking in elite golf', Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 4(3), p.221-240.
This article was published in Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology in September 2010, available at http://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/abs/10.1123/jcsp.4.3.221
- Sport Research Groups 
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
Hill, Denise M.; Hanton, Sheldon; Fleming, Scott; Matthews, Nic (Taylor & Francis, 2009)The purpose of this study was to re-examine choking in sport. Using a grounded theory approach (Glaser & Strauss, 1967), qualitative data were gathered from four “experts” of applied sport psychology, who had published ...
Hill, Denise M.; Carvell, Sarah; Matthews, Nic; Weston, Neil J.W; Thelwell, Richard R.C. (Elsevier, 2017-09-05)Objectives The aims of this study were twofold: first, to examine the role of self-presentation within the lived-experience of choking in sport; and second, to explore whether the 2 × 2 framework of self-presentation ...
Hill, Denise M.; Hanton, Sheldon; Matthews, Nic; Fleming, Scott (Human Kinetics, 2011)The study examined the effect of an evidence-based intervention on choking in golf. It is informed by the work of Hill, Hanton, Matthews and Fleming (2010a) that explored the experiences of elite golfers who either choked ...