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dc.contributor.authorRogers, P.
dc.contributor.authorWatt, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorGray, Nicola S.
dc.contributor.authorMacCulloch, M.
dc.contributor.authorGournay, K.
dc.identifier.citationRogers, P., Watt, A., Gray, N.S., MacCulloch, M. and Gournay, K. (2002) 'Content of command hallucinations predicts self-harm but not violence in a medium secure unit', The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, 13(2), pp.251-262en_US
dc.description.abstractEvidence to date has supported negative relationships, a null relationship and a positive relationship between command hallucinations and violence or self-harm. This study was designed to determine the relationship between command hallucinations with violent or self-harm content and incidents of violence and self-harm in forensic inpatients. Patients with (n = 56) and without (n = 54) a lifetime history of command hallucinations and resident in a medium-security hospital were identified through clinical and legal records over 51 months. Measures included: staff-observed violence and self-harm; presence and content of command hallucinations; paranoid delusions; previous violent convictions; length of stay; gender; history of alcohol or illicit drug abuse. Statistical analyses used negative binomial regression. Violent command hallucinations and inpatient violence were unrelated. Self-harming command hallucinations and an absence of paranoid delusions were positively associated with self-harm. The processes that determine compliance with command hallucinations remain unclear.
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Forensic Psychiatryen_UK
dc.titleContent of command hallucinations predicts self-harm but not violence in a medium secure uniten_UK

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