Hardiness and anxiety interpretation: An investigation into coping usage and effectiveness
MetadataShow full item record
The purpose of this study was to examine the interactive effects of hardiness (high vs. low hardiness) and anxiety direction (facilitators vs. debilitators) on performers' competitive anxiety intensity responses, self-confidence levels and the frequency and effectiveness of coping usage. Significant interaction effects showed that the high hardiness/facilitators reported the greatest use of planning, active coping and effort strategies during stressful competitive situations and viewed this use as more effective in dealing with these situations than the other groups. Main effects for hardiness on the competitive anxiety response and self-confidence revealed the high hardiness group to have lower levels of worry and somatic anxiety and higher levels of self-confidence than the low hardiness group. These findings have important implications for the development of hardiness-related coping strategies in sport performers.
European Journal of Sport Science
Hanton, S., Neil, R. and Evans, L. (2013) 'Hardiness and anxiety interpretation: An investigation into coping usage and effectiveness', European Journal of Sport Science, 13(1), pp.96-104.
This article was published in European Journal of Sport Science on 12 December 2011 (online), available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2011.635810
- Sport Research Groups 
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
Hanton, Sheldon; Evans, Lynne; Neil, Rich (Anxiety Stress & Coping: An International Journal, 2003-06-01)This paper was the first to examine the effects of hardiness, alongside skill level, upon competition-related anxiety in sports performers. The findings demonstrated that elite athletes high in hardiness reported lower ...
THE AFFECT OF A COACH’S PRE-PERFORMANCE PEP TALK ON PERCEIVED COGNITIVE AND SOMATIC ANXIETY SYMPTOMS AND THEIR IMPACT UPON PERFORMANCE Clark, Julianne (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2013)The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of a coach’s pre-performance pep talk upon the anxiety responses of team sport players during performance. Through the adoption of a qualitative design, ...
A Multi-Study Exploration of Factors that Optimise Hardiness in Sport Coaches and the Role of Reflective Practice in Facilitating Hardy Attitudes Cropley, Brendan; Baldock, Lee; Hanton, Sheldon; Gucciardi, Daniel F.; McKay, Alan; Neil, Rich; Williams, Tom (Frontiers Media, 2020-08-13)Hardiness has been identified as a key personal characteristic that may moderate the ill-effects of stress on health and performance. However, little is known about how hardiness might be developed, particularly in sport ...