The effects of a motivational general-arousal imagery intervention upon pre-performance symptoms in male rugby union players
Mellalieu, Stephen D.
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Objectives To investigate the efficacy of a motivational general-arousal based imagery strategy in modifying precompetitive symptom interpretations. Method A staggered multiple baseline single-subject design was employed with five male collegiate rugby union players (M = 24.5; SD = 3.05). The dependent variable was monitored over a full competitive season via measures of precompetitive anxiety and affect together with follow-up social validation procedures. Results More facilitative interpretations of symptoms associated with competitive anxiety, and greater self-confidence levels were reported postintervention, together with changes in positive and negative affect. Conclusions The findings highlight the importance of employing individualized imagery with motivational general-arousal content to modify performers' perceptions of their precompetitive experiences. This effect is proposed to occur directly through adaptive changes in individuals' psychological response systems and indirectly via the protection mechanisms associated with enhanced efficacy expectations.
Psychology of Sport and Exercise
Mellalieu, S.D., Hanton, S. and Thomas, O. (2009) 'The effects of a motivational general-arousal imagery intervention upon preperformance symptoms in male rugby union players', Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 10(1), pp.175-185.
This article was published in Psychology of Sport and Exercise on 12 July 2008 (online), available at http:dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2008.07.003
- Sport Research Groups