Influence of the vaulting table on the handspring front somersault
Kerwin, David G.
MetadataShow full item record
The traditional “horse” was replaced by a new vaulting “table” in artistic gymnastics competitions in 2001.The aim of this study was to determine whether the table led to a change in vaulting technique. This was achieved by comparing three-dimensional video-based analyses (50 Hz) of selected biomechanical discrete and continuous variables across four elite male gymnasts performing a series of handspring front somersault vaults on the traditional horse and the new table. Individual joint and inter-segment coupling (continuous relative phase) were used to quantify techniques used on the two apparatuses. Differences were attributed in part to the design and construction of the new table. No differences were observed for the approach and take-off from the board. Significant differences in hip flexion at board take-off and strike angle on the table were observed. One of the effects of the latter was an increase in vertical take-off velocity compared with the horse. Individual strategies were observed in hip and shoulder coordination patterns that were obscured when group data were considered. Close monitoring of the evolution of skill on this new apparatus is paramount for gymnastics coaching, and further studies of current elite competitive vaulting techniques are required.
Sports Biomechanics, 8 (2), 114-128.
- Sport Research Groups 
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
The effects of growth, maturation and training on strength and power development in young artistic female gymnasts Moeskops, Sylvia (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2020)Female artistic gymnastics demands a combination of physical abilities including strength, power and speed to perform a diverse set of skills. Although gymnasts’ training typically commences early in the prepubertal ...
Ogden, Katherine (University of Wales, 2011)Despite the rapid rise in female pole vaulting performance standards, there is a lack of contemporary scientific research in women’s pole vault. The aim of this study was to improve knowledge and understanding of the ...
The effect two vaulting conditions has on the maintenance of linear momentum and touch down and take-off joint characteristics Anderson-Brown, Jessica (University of Wales, 2011)This study aimed to identify the touch down and take-off characteristics of the hurdle step, springboard and vault contact phases and the effect they had on the rate of decay of linear momentum when two degrees of handspring ...