The Long-Term Athlete Development Model: Physiological evidence and application.
De Ste Croix, Mark
Lloyd, Rhodri S.
Williams, Craig A.
Taylor & Francis
MetadataDangos cofnod eitem llawn
Within the UK, the "Long Term Athlete Development" (LTAD) model has been proposed by a variety of national governing bodies to offer a first step to considering the approach to talent development. The model, which is primarily a physiological perspective, presents an advancement of understanding of developing athletic potential alongside biological growth. It focuses on training to optimize performance longitudinally, and considers sensitive developmental periods known as "windows of opportunity". However, it appears that there are a number of problems with this theoretical model that are not necessarily transparent to coaches. Principally, the model is only one-dimensional, there is a lack of empirical evidence upon which the model is based, and interpretations of the model are restricted because the data on which it is based rely on questionable assumptions and erroneous methodologies. Fundamentally, this is a generic model rather than an individualized plan for athletes. It is crucial that the LTAD model is seen as a "work in progress" and the challenge, particularly for paediatric exercise scientists, is to question, test, and revise the model. It is unlikely that this can be accomplished using classical experimental research methodology but this should not deter practitioners from acquiring valid and reliable evidence.
Journal of Sports Sciences;
Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(4): 389-402.
- Sport Research Groups 
Yn dangos eitemau sy’n perthyn drwy deitl, awdur, pwnc a chrynodeb.
Lloyd, Rhodri S.; Oliver, Jon; Faigenbaum, A.D.; Howard, R.; Croix, M.B.D.S.; Williams, C.A.; Best, T.M.; Alvar, B.A.; Micheli, L.J.; Thomas, D.P.; Hatfield, D.L. (Wolters Kluwer, 2015-05)The concept of developing talent and athleticism in youth is the goal of many coaches and sports systems. Consequently, an increasing number of sporting organizations have adopted long-term athletic development models in ...
Integrating models of long-term athletic development to maximize the physical development of youth Pichardo, Andrew W.; Oliver, Jon; Harrison, Craig B.; Maulder, Peter S.; Lloyd, Rhodri S. (Sage, 2018-06-29)Long-term athletic development is important to prepare youth for sport and an active lifestyle. Several models have provided general frameworks for long-term athletic development from different perspectives that consider ...
The reality of the LTAD model within one women’s artistic gymnastics club in East Wales: a critical investigation of the applicability of the LTAD in relation to participation and elite opportunities in gymnastics Jones, Aled (University of Wales, 2011-10-25)Like many national governing bodies within the UK, Welsh Gymnastics (along with British Gymnastics) have adopted its own version of a development model called the Long Term Athlete Development model (LTAD) (Balyi, 1990; ...