An investigation into identity and motivation in adult refugee learners of English as an additional language in the UK
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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This study investigated the motivation and identity of adult refugees learning English in the UK. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 7 adult refugees who had lived in the UK for at least 2 years. Dörnyei’s (2005) L2 Motivational Self System was applied to compare the possible selves of this population to the student populations previously investigated (e.g. Csizér & Lukács, 2010). The ought-to L2 self was found to be most evident in these participants, as they were motivated by external pressure to learn English rather than an intrinsic desire to become an English speaker, suggesting that they did not have adequate motivation for English acquisition. However elements of the ideal L2 self were also found in some participants. Schumann’s (1978) Acculturation model was also applied to this population in order to investigate their self-perceived identity and integration into British society. All of the participants exhibited a strong attachment to their country of origin, but also showed varying levels of identification with British identity. Secondly all acknowledged the importance and effects of acculturation when settling in another country and learning the language. The recommendations for English teaching and relevance to Speech and Language Therapy services were discussed to ensure that this population can access to these services.
B.Sc.(Hons) Speech and Language Therapy
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