L1 and L2 Phonological Interaction of Vowels in Moroccan-Arabic English Bilinguals
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The phenomenon of foreign accent has been around for many years. Research has investigated factors that influence second language speech production such as age of learning the L2, age of arrival in the L2 country of residence and L1 - L2 use (Asher & Garcia, 1969; Flege, 1995; Piske, Mackay & Flege, 2001; and Lambacher, Martens, Kakehi, Marasinghe & Molholt, 2005). More recent research has looked at the influence of some of these factors on native language speech production in bilinguals (Mennen, 2004; Chang, 2010, 2012; De Leeuw et al., 2010, Dmitrieva, Jongman, & Sereno, 2010; Oh et al., 2011; Mayr, Price, & Mennen, in press) . However, few studies have made direct comparisons across many different types of bilinguals with the same L1 and L2. This research focuses on how differing types of language acquisitions affect the interaction of monophthongs in Moroccan-Arabic English bilinguals. The findings reveal that the nativeness of L1 productions in addition to L2 productions are very much dependent on several key factors and that L1 attrition may be present at a system-wide level. Clinical implications are offered for speech and language therapists.
B.Sc.(Hons) Speech and Language Therapy
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