An analysis of the communicative strategies employed in an interaction between a person with aphasia and an unfamiliar individual without aphasia.
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Background: Researchers have analysed interactions between persons with aphasia and their spouses. A method known as conversation analysis (CA) has been used to identify features of aphasic conversation; trouble sources and repairs; participant frameworks and more recently the use of Nonverbal communication (NVC). Research with unfamiliar conversational partners has received less attention. Aims: The aim of this study was to identify the communicative strategies employed in an interaction between an individual with aphasia and an individual without aphasia in which there is a lack of shared knowledge. Method: Findings were drawn from a qualitative case study exploring the interaction between an individual with aphasia and an unfamiliar individual without aphasia using CA. Results: There was a high occurrence of conversational breakdowns within the interaction with twenty-five in total. Of these there was a high frequency of collaborative repair. Conversational breakdowns were a result of misunderstandings and communicative difficulties as experienced by the participant with aphasia. Conclusion: Discussion highlights the resources employed by both participants in interaction and the importance of the inclusion of NVC into CA. Shared knowledge impacted on the interpretation of communicative strategies but was not a prerequisite to the success of repair.
B.Sc. (Hons) Speech and Language Therapy
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