The communication strategies used by an Aphasic patient and his spouse
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Background: There has been an increase in the research relating to the use of repair strategies by aphasics. A technique known as conversation analysis (CA) has been used to analyse strategies. Research has shown repairs are different to those in normal conversation, as the prevalence is higher and differs in relation to type. Aphasic repair relies on conversational partners for support. Aims: The study aims to identify the use of repair during a recorded conversation between an aphasic and his key conversational partner. Method: The aphasic was recorded for two twenty-minute conversations with his wife. The recordings were transcribed using accepted CA conventions. The transcriptions were analysed to see which repair types emerged from the data. Results: During aphasic conversation, all repair types were used. The preference and quantity for each repair typed differed. The aphasic used verbal and used non-verbal strategies to repair. The participant was able to initiate topics and used „hey‟ to secure conversational flow and as a social phrase. The data showed that the aphasic was reliant upon his conversational partner to maintain a successful conversation. Conclusion: In general, these findings were consistent with previous literature. The study highlighted the issues relating to CA and how these can apply to clinical settings.
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