The Traumatic Experience of Losing Society Within Survival Texts: Lord of the Flies, LOST, The Road
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This dissertation explores the reactions of survival when society is gone, creating a loss or change of identity. The traumatic experience of coming from a background with a strong society to either crashing on a deserted island or living through the apocalypse, changes people’s personas in which they can become more primitive and aggressive depending on their backgrounds. This means that for example, children are seen as innocent thus once society is gone they lose their naivety that they can never regain. The two novels that present this theory well are within chapter one and chapter three, which are Lord of the Flies by William Golding and The Road by Cormac McCarthy. However, chapter two highlights, with a different media of television, the backgrounds of characters in J. J. Abrams’ LOST that proves to have effect on the way they react to the traumatic experience of losing society. The focus of this dissertation is analysing survival in a psychoanalytical way using Sigmund Freud and political philosophers such as John Locke and Thomas Hobbes as a critique to examine the important characters of Lord of the Flies, LOST and The Road. The most significant themes that run through the whole of the dissertation that are connected to this loss of civilisation within survival are death, leadership problems and dehumanisation. These themes are within all three of the chapters that connect the two novels and the television series together to create the argument that after a traumatic experience of ending up in a surviving situation, the characters change and become more aggressive towards their fellow human beings, especially with people they do not know.
BA (Hons) English and Modern History
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