DEFENSIVE SYSTEMS AND PERFORMANCE INDICATORS THAT DISTINGUISH WINNING AND LOSING TEAMS
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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It was identified that there has been little research in basketball that has specifically focused on defence. The purpose of the study therefore was to identify the aspects of defence that best distinguish winning and losing teams by analysing defensive systems, performance indicators and variables that are defensively orientated. Twenty four games of the men’s London 2012 basketball competition were analysed, eight of which were from group A, eight from group B and the remaining eight games from the knockout stages. A hand notation system was devised in order to collect the data following a pilot study and inter reliability testing. The analysis was carried out on three match types: overall matches (n=24), group matches (n=16) and knockout matches (n=8). SPSS (version 20) was used for statistical analysis of the data, calculating means, ±SD and p values, p was set to p<0.05. The results identified that points conceded per possession when playing man to man (p=.050) and positive blocks (p=.038) were the only variables that were significant across all match types. Furthermore, very few significant differences were identified in the knockout matches. This demonstrates that very little separates the winners and losers of competitive matches, however coaches should note that winning teams generally performed better across all variables. Specifically, coaches should be made aware that winning teams were more effective than losing teams at playing man to man defence and blocked shots should, if possible, be directed to a teammate to prevent second chance points.
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