The Physiological Effects on Performance of Sand-based and Waterbased Surfaces in Field Hockey
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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In spite of the introduction of artificial surfaces in field hockey, no studies have investigated if matches are altered by the type of surface used and whether surface type influences physiological responses to hockey performance on waterbased and sand-based surfaces. In the present study, 9 participants performed an adapted version of the soccer simulation protocol (Stone et al., 2011) on waterbased and sand-based surfaces. The results showed that there was a significant decline on the sand-based surface in the repeated sprints exercise (3.28 ± 0.13 s vs. 3.39 ± 0.09 s; P < 0.05) and sprint agility run times (9.70 ± 0.22 s vs. 9.97 ± 0.26 s; P < 0.05) with mean times in block 1 being faster than block 2. The 'straight' sprint time within the sprint agility run on the sand-based pitch was significantly faster in block 1 than block 2 (3.07 ± 0.16 s vs. 3.19 ± 0.14 s; P < 0.05). However results showed no significant effect of pitch type or block on the 180° turn time and cut time within the sprint agility run. The mean heart rates (179 ± 9 beats .min-1 vs. 183 ± 9 beats .min-1 ; P < 0.05) and peak heart rates (189 ± 7 beats .min-1 vs. 192 ± 7 beats .min-1 ; P < 0.05) were significantly lower in block 1 compared to block 2 on the sand-based surface. The analysis of pre and post 40m main effects showed a significant decline in sprint performance after the simulation on the water-based surface (6.07±0.71 s vs. 6.5±0.51 s; P < 0.05). It is therefore inconclusive as to whether field hockey pitch type affects participants’ performance responses to the soccer simulation protocol.
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