THE EFFECT OF A SIX WEEK PROPRIOCEPTION PROGRAMME ON DYNAMIC ANKLE BALANCE IN ELITE TAEKWONDO ATHLETES
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Context: Due to the adverse foot positioning taekwondo athletes perform, they are susceptible to ankle sprains. Initiating a proprioceptive programme as a means of injury prevention, it has been suggested that it can improve dynamic ankle balance. Objective: To determine whether dynamic ankle balance can be improved through a six week proprioception programme in elite taekwondo athletes. Design: A randomised control and intervention trial. Setting: All means of testing took place at the Torbay School of Taekwondo. Participants: 20 mixed gender sample were randomly assigned to a control (n = 10) or experimental (n = 10) group. Base line measure: Data was collected by means of the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT). Results were taken pre and post the six week block. Intervention: The experimental group took part in a six week proprioception programme that included progressions throughout. Results: Posterior (p=0.069), Posterior Lateral (p= 0.889), Lateral (p= 0.100) and Anterior Lateral (p= 0.921) dependant variables presented no significant interaction between the ‘group’ and ‘time’ conditions. Anterior Medial (p= 0.035) reach presented a main effect between the ‘group’ and Anterior (p= 0.000), Medial (p= 0.002) and Posterior Medial (p= 0.000) show significant interaction between the ‘group’ and ‘time’ conditions. The experimental group improved their dynamic balance on the variables that proved significant, thus supporting the hypothesis. Conclusions: The effect of the proprioception programme improved dynamic balance within four reaches of the SEBT protocol. It can be argued that the limitations of the study affected the outcome of the post scores; therefore they should be considered to further future research.
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