The home advantage theory: Is continent home advantage present in international
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The home advantage effect was investigated in the 2010 FIFA World Cup, in an attempt to understand distinct differences in performance between home and away nations. A pre-study analysing all FIFA World Cup results between 1950 and 2010 was preformed. Results suggested that all nations were more successful in their home continent, than when playing outside of their continent. The main study's sample cross compared games between home nations (African), time zone nations (GMT 0, +1, +2, +3) and non-time zone nations (GMT <0, >3). An in-depth analysis showed that teams from the home continent had more possession when playing against both time zone (51.26%) and non-time zone teams (51.98%) nations. Controversy non-time zone nations gained more possession (50.90%) when playing against time zone nations (49.10%), however a reverse trend was displayed for variables; all shots, shots on target and shots off target. Other variables such as territory and pass frequency were also used as performance indicators. Findings show that home nations on average had more possession in their attacking zone (28.58%) than the mean of both other sets of nations (19.43%). The opposite trend was shown for the defensive third, with time zone and non-time zone nations spending a higher percentage of duration in that specific zone compared to home nations.
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