|dc.description.abstract||This study aimed to establish whether a relationship between male football
players’ knowledge and their dietary intakes over a three-day period existed in
comparison with nutrition guidelines. Accompanying this was the purpose of
identifying whether a relationship in how the athletes’ rated their perceived
level of knowledge to be and total knowledge scores along with actual dietary
intake practices existed.
Eighteen adult male football players volunteered to participate in this study, all
of whom competed for teams within Welsh League Division One (2012-2013
season). Each participant completed a nutritional knowledge questionnaire
and a three-day food diary.
A spearman’s correlation test was conducted to identify the significance of the
relationship between total knowledge score and perceived knowledge score;
also between total knowledge score and actual nutritional intake scores. Ttests
were also performed to highlight the significance of difference between
nutritional intake and the recommended guidelines. The whole group (n=18)
scores were also compared with a high knowledge score group (n=10) and
low knowledge score group (n=8).
The mean score on nutritional knowledge test was 42.89/66 (64.98% correct)
and the mean total caloric intake of the participants was 2604.22 ± 366.88
calories per day. Overall, this study revealed a significant relationship did exist
between total knowledge score and dietary intake application amongst the
athletes (p<0.05). Statistical analysis reveals a strong correlation between
total knowledge score and actual intake practices for the group as a whole
(r=.543, p<0.05). Finally, the analysis revealed there was no significant
relationship level of perceived knowledge and actual intake practices
(p>0.05). However, there is a significant correlation between total knowledge
score and the athletes perceived knowledge level (p<0.05).
This study suggests there are areas for improvement for both knowledge and
dietary intake practices as the athletes often failed to report intakes close to
the recommended guidelines and many questionnaire answers selected were