Explicit Memory Bias Alteration: A Mechanism behind the Beneficial Effects of Trait Mindfulness?
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Recent research suggests mindfulness alters explicit memory (e.g. Alberts & Thewissen, 2011) but is subject to limitations. Trait mindfulness is hypothesised to lead to a disassociation from self-schemas which bias explicit memory (Stein & Markus, 1996; Vago & Silbersweig, 2012). The aim of this research was to explore the effect of trait mindfulness on explicit memory using 38 students exposed to an intentional memory paradigm employing nouns. It was hypothesised that those high in trait mindfulness compared to those low in trait mindfulness would recall less words of a positive valence, thus not exhibiting a recall bias. No significant main effects were found for trait mindfulness group (p>0.05), nor valence condition (p>0.05) on recall scores. Consequently, there was no interaction between valence condition and mindfulness group on recall scores (p>0.05). The lack of significant findings was interpreted in line with methodological limitations which are a useful reflection for future research.
BSc (Hons) Psychology
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