Exploring the possibilities of using Mindfulness-Based treatments in psychosis
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Background: Previous research has demonstrated conflicting research when using mindfulness training as a treatment for psychosis. (Deatherage and Lethbridge, 1975; Yorston, 2001; Bach and Hayes, 2002; Gaudiano and Herbert, 2006). Aims: The aim of this study was to break down the individual facets of mindfulness and explore their relationship with the subgroups of schizotypy. This study aimed to show which parts of mindfulness could predict the individual subgroups of schizotypy and in turn which facets of mindfulness would be beneficial when incorporated into treatment programmes for different aspects of psychosis. Method: This study will use a survey method design. A simple regression and a multiple regression were used. This study used 104 participants, all of whom were full time students at Cardiff Metropolitan University. This study will be utilising two different validated questionnaires. The first scale used was the O-LIFE questionnaire (Mason et al, 1995). The other scale used was the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (Baer et al, 2006) Results: This study supports the first hypothesis as the higher the mindfulness trait score of the participant the lower the schizotypy score of the participant. In addition to this the model accounted for almost 20% of the variation in schizotypy. The second hypothesis was that different mindfulness models would be associated with different subgroups of schizotypy. The findings support this hypothesis as different models were found to be associated with different subgroups. Conclusion: Overall mindfulness was a predictor of schizotypy and it has been shown that the higher a participants’ mindfulness score then the lower a participants’ schizotypy score indicating that teaching mindfulness traits (MBCT) would reduce ones’ schizotypy score. This in turn indicates that MBCT could be used as a treatment for psychosis to reduce the symptoms or make them more manageable.
BSc (Hons) Psychology
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