Gender and surface effects on Elite Tennis strategy at Grand Slam Tournaments
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All four Grand Slam tournaments are played on different surfaces which according to previous research has an influence upon the strategies used by elite players. The current study investigates whether there is a gender and / or surface effect on elite tennis strategy at Wimbledon, the French Open and the Australian Open. Sections of 105 men's and women's singles matches from these three tournaments were recorded, entered and analysed by a computerised notational analysis system which produced frequencies and percentages of 20 key variables. The results were analysed using non-parametric statistical procedures. Results showed that there were significant differences in service effectiveness, service points, and non-service points between the genders. Surface effects were also evident with significant differences in serve effectiveness, timing factors, service points and non-service points. Differences were found to be associated with the varying surface properties, changes in the types of ball used, technical ability, more advanced training methods and psychological aspects of the game and physiological differences. From the results recommendations are made with the findings of the study taken into account with grass players aiming to use the serve and maintaining pressure on the opponent thereafter whilst on clay players should aim to play a more defensive game until the best opporfunity to attack, so building up the point to your advantage is crucial. Finding from the study both support and challenge previous research but the study does not utilise the results to their full potential so further work can be done both from these results and on other populations within the game of tennis.
MSc Coaching Science
- Masters Degrees (Sport) 
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