A comparison of vitamin supplement intake between athletes and non athletes
Cardiff Metropolitan University
MetadataShow full item record
Introduction: Vitamins are an essential part of the diet providing benefits both in general health and exercise. Athletes at any standard will look for ways to improve their performance or give themselves a competitive advantage. Information regarding vitamins and their effects is often poor and confusing, leading to people misunderstanding their benefits. Understanding and knowledge about vitamins is limited within the athletic community with many athletes supplementing their diet in this way without really understanding the effects that may result. The study aims to investigate athletes and non-athletes' usage and understanding of the effects of vitamins and the extent of vitamin supplementation. Method: 30 subjects were selected randomly, consisting of 15 athletes from various sports and 15 non-athletes. All participants were able to withdraw from the study at any time. A questionnaire was given to participants to complete. Results: All participants believe that nutrition plays a role in sport and 95% believe vitamins play a role in sporting performance. 19 participants supplemented their diet. Only 10 of these supplemented their diet with vitamins as well as other forms of supplementation. Of the 11 who didn't supplement their diet, 8 would consider changing their views and start supplementing. 70% of users of vitamin supplements used multivitamins but were often unable to provide accurate reasons for why they used them. All participants stated they would consider supplementing their diet if they were shown evidence that vitamins help the body and health. Conclusion: There is a lack of knowledge and understanding around vitamin supplementation mainly due to poor information being provided for athletes and non-athletes. More specific information about the beneficial and adverse effects of vitamins needs to be provided to both subject groups in order for informed decision making to be improved. Further investigation is required into the knowledge of vitamin supplementation amongst athletes.
BSc (Hons) Sports Biomedicine and Nutrition
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
Vitamin C for the prevention and treatment of the common cold.’ The public’s perception on vitamin C, the effect on the common cold and the habits they undertake in terms of supplementation and dietary food choices. Lippiatt, Emma (University of Wales Institute Cardiff, 2010)Background: Vitamin C is commonly associated with the common cold, many people believe vitamin C consumption will prevent the onset of a common cold and/or help cold symptoms. The common cold has shown not to be prevented ...
A study investigating sports students beliefs and their understanding about protein supplementation. Viljoen, Karlien (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2011)Introduction: There is a lot of pressure among athletes to be the best and the strongest causing many to start using supplements. Protein supplements have become among the most popular types of supplements used by athletes. ...
An exploration into current Vitamin D supplementation practice and the barriers identified by mothers to children under the age of 5, with potential scope in identifying positive strategic methods in alleviating such obstacles. Morris, Laura (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2017-06-01)Background: In recent years the UK government has highlighted the importance of vitamin D as a result of increasing cases of rickets within children. A recent survey found 70% of mothers either had not or do not supplement ...