A comparison of the dietary intakes of nutrition students and non students in South Wales
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Non-students were found to consume more alcohol than nutrition students. Students were found to have a greater intake of vitamin C, as all were found to be well above RNls for Vitamin C, while half of the non-students were border line. Students consumed more of their percentage energy from total fats, but consumed less energy percentage from saturates than non students. This indicates that a decreased nutritional knowledge correlates to an increased consumption of convenience foods. It also indicates that while students have a better understanding of saturated fats, they do not necessarily act according to their knowledge, as a range of factors may influence their decisions on what to eat. All participants consumed adequate vitamin B6 Students produced a few worse individual results in regards to Vitamin B12 intake but this may be due to an anomalous result as many factors can affect reliability of the diaries. The study complies with the initial hypothesis that a better nutritional education correlates positively with a healthier diet in all but one nutritional factor which was Vitamin B12, even though on average students consumed more of this micronutrient, there was a single participant well below the LRNI which skewed the average considerably. Nutritional education was found to be a key factor in what influences individuals of this age dietary intakes. This message can now be examined further whilst trying to promote the health of individuals of this age group and prepare them with the knowledge that may prevent future chronic nutrition related diseases such as cardiovascular disease.
BSc (Hons) Sports Biomedicine and Nutrition
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