Knowledge and attitudes of carers for adults with learning disabilities to oral health care
Mannion, Jane Elizabeth
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Background: Adults with Learning Disability have poor oral health and are dependent upon their carers for oral health care. Aim: To investigate the knowledge and attitudes of carers for adults with Learning Disability to Oral Health Care. Method: The study was a cross-sectional survey of carers' knowledge and attitudes to oral health care using a questionnaire. Questionnaires were distributed to 26 Learning Disability homes in Caerphilly Borough yielding a total of 203 carers. The mean and median scores for knowledge and attitude were compared across carers' characteristics and dental behaviours. Spearmans correlation was used to investigate the relationship between knowledge and attitude. Results: The response rate was 70%. The range of knowledge scores was 5-15 with a mean score of 11.3 and standard deviation 1.63. 69% of carers had a knowledge score of 75% or above. The range of scores for attitude was 53-130 with a median score of 108.77% of carers were in the upper quartile for attitude scores. The length of time employed as a carer was statistically significant in determining knowledge (p<0.05). No factors were found to be statistically significant in determining attitude. There was a significant correlation between knowledge and attitude (p< 0.05) although the r value was relatively low at 0.2. Conclusion: Carers showed good knowledge and positive attitude to oral health care for adults with learning disability. Areas were highlighted where further training would be beneficial.
MSc Interprofessional Studies (Health)
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