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dc.contributor.authorHanton, Sheldon
dc.contributor.authorEvans, Lynne
dc.contributor.authorNeil, Rich
dc.date.accessioned2008-10-17T11:30:59Z
dc.date.available2008-10-17T11:30:59Z
dc.date.issued2003-06-01en_US
dc.identifier.citationHanton, S., Evans, L. and Neil, R. (2003) 'Hardiness and the competitive trait anxiety response', Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 16(2), pp.167-184.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1061-5806
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/543
dc.descriptionThis article was published in Anxiety Stress & Coping: An International Journal in 2003, available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2003.10382971
dc.description.abstractThis paper was the first to examine the effects of hardiness, alongside skill level, upon competition-related anxiety in sports performers. The findings demonstrated that elite athletes high in hardiness reported lower competitive anxiety levels, more facilitative interpretations of symptoms, and higher self-confidence levels when compared to non-elite performers. Findings suggest that hardiness moderates how competitive anxiety is interpreted by athletes and has implications for performance enhancing consultants and athletes of various skill levels. Neil co-generated the research question, collected and analysed the data, and contributed to the writing/editing of the manuscript.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2003.10382971
dc.publisherAnxiety Stress & Coping: An International Journalen_US
dc.subjectfacilitation
dc.subjectdebilitation
dc.subjectelite
dc.subjectnon-elite
dc.titleHardiness and the competitive trait anxiety responseen_US
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2003.10382971


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