Teachers' attitudes towards the impact of Physical Education on pupils' learning: a study of state and independent schools
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This study was designed to discover the perceptions of Physical Education teachers on how Physical Education affects pupils' ability to learn. The differences between the opinions of independent and state school teachers were also discussed. Previous research has shown varying opinions on how physical activity can improve or hinder academic achievement. This study looked specifically at the skills that can be acquired in Physical Education and whether these skills can improve academic achievement. For this study quantitative data was collected by using questionnaires and qualitative data was collected using email interviews. Questionnaires were used in order to obtain teachers' opinions on how Physical Education can affect pupils' ability to learn. The email interviews were used in order to discover why teachers have the opinions that were found from conducting the questionnaires. The data from questionnaires was coded and average scores and standard deviations were calculated from teachers' responses. Results from this study show that there are no major differences in opinion between independent and state school Physical Education teachers on how Physical Education can affect pupils' ability to learn. In general, independent school teachers' answers were more varied, and this can be assumed to be because of their availability to choose to teach whatever they like in their lessons. Both sets of teachers spend more than fifty per cent of their teaching time on competitive activities while being competitive in their opinion is unimportant. Teachers do believe that pupils learning about Health, Fitness and Well Being is fundamental for pupils' development, however not enough time is currently used to teach this topic. Both types of teachers believed that Physical Education can improve academic achievement and the skills that are improved the most are communication, respect, thinking and social skills.
B.A.(Hons)Educational Studies with Sport and Physical Activity
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