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dc.contributor.authorConnaughton, Declan
dc.contributor.authorHanton, Sheldon
dc.contributor.authorJones, Graham
dc.contributor.authorWadey, Ross
dc.date.accessioned2008-10-17T11:31:04Z
dc.date.available2008-10-17T11:31:04Z
dc.date.issued2008en_UK
dc.identifier.citationConnaughton, D., Hanton, S., Jones, G. and Wadey, R. (2008) 'The development and maintenance of mental toughness: perceptions of elite performers', Journal of Sports Sciences, 26 (1), pp. 83-95.en_UK
dc.identifier.issn0264-0414en_UK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/572
dc.descriptionThe final version of the article as published in the Journal of Sports Sciences is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640410701310958
dc.description.abstractThis paper examined elite performers’ perceptions of how mental toughness can be developed and maintained. Findings indicated that the development of mental toughness progressed through specific stages throughout athletes’ careers. A variety of personal and situational factors were seen to influence development in a combined, rather than independent fashion. The perceived underlying mechanisms related to features associated with a motivational environment, significant others, and critical experiences inside and outside of sport. Connaughton designed the study, contributed to data analysis and wrote/edited the manuscript.en_UK
dc.description.abstractSeven participants from a previous study (Jones, Hanton, & Connaughton, 2002 ) agreed to be interviewed about the development of mental toughness. We also aimed to determine whether mental toughness requires maintenance. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to elicit the participants' perceptions of how mental toughness is cultivated and retained. Findings indicated that the development of mental toughness is a long-term process that encompasses a multitude of underlying mechanisms that operate in a combined, rather than independent, fashion. In general, these perceived underlying mechanisms related to many features associated with a motivational climate (e.g. enjoyment, mastery), various individuals (i.e. coaches, peers, parents, grandparents, siblings, senior athletes, sport psychologists, team-mates), experiences in and outside sport, psychological skills and strategies, and an insatiable desire and internalized motives to succeed. It was also reported that once mental toughness had been developed, three perceived underlying mechanisms were required to maintain this construct: a desire and motivation to succeed that was insatiable and internalized, a support network that included sporting and non-sporting personnel, and effective use of basic and advanced psychological skills. Practical implications and future avenues of research are discussed.
dc.publisherRoutledgeen_UK
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Sports Sciencesen_UK
dc.titleThe development and maintenance of mental toughness: perceptions of elite performers.en_UK
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640410701310958


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