ERA investigates the nature of perceptual experience through art, design, science and philosophy. ERA is an international cross-disciplinary research and development centre based in a School of Art & Design which collaborates with researchers in areas such as computer science, life sciences, perceptual psychology, psychophysics, neuroscience, and phenomenology.

Recent submissions

  • Double vision as a pictorial depth cue 

    Pepperell, Robert; Ruschkowski, Anja (Brill, 2013-02)
    'Double images' are a little-noticed feature of human binocular vision caused by non-convergence of the eyes outside of the point of fixation. Double vision, or psychological diplopia, is closely linked to the perception ...
  • Art and externalism 

    Pepperell, Robert (Imprint Academic, 2012-12)
    How have artists understood the relationship between the mind and the world? This paper presents statements by a number of artists that speak of how subjective experience is constituted by the unity of inner self and outer ...
  • The perception of art and the science of perception 

    Pepperell, Robert (SPIE-IS&T, 2012-03-09)
    For many centuries, artists have studied the nature of visual experience and how to convincingly render what we see. The results of these investigations can be found in all the countless artworks deposited in museums and ...
  • The conscious act of looking at a painting 

    Pepperell, Robert (Rodopi, 2009)
    This paper considers what happens during the conscious act of looking at a painting. First, two widely held views about the nature of consciousness are introduced: that it’s unified and that it’s essentially rational. I ...
  • Connecting art and the brain: an artist’s perspective on visual indeterminacy 

    Pepperell, Robert (Frontiers, 2011)
    In this article I will discuss the intersection between art and neuroscience from the perspective of a practicing artist. I have collaborated on several scientific studies into the effects of art on the brain and behavior, ...
  • Art and Extensionism 

    Pepperell, Robert (Imprint Academic, 2011-03-30)
    There is an enduring, widespread, and deeply held belief that the conscious mind is located in the brain. One of the consequences of this belief is that many researchers who seek the causes of mental phenomena do so among ...
  • Seeing without objects: Visual indeterminacy and art 

    Pepperell, Robert (MIT Press, 2006)
    This article discusses the perceptual phenomenon of visual indeterminacy in an art historical and scientific context and considers its role in certain heightened states of awareness. Further philosophical implications of ...
  • Perception, memory and aesthetics of indeterminate art 

    Ishai, Alumit; Fairhall, Scott L.; Pepperell, Robert (Elsevier, 2008-05-21)
    Indeterminate art, in which familiar objects are only suggestive, invokes a perceptual conundrum as apparently detailed and vivid images resist identification. We hypothesized that compared with paintings that depict ...