At Fovolab we study visual perception by combining ideas and research methods from art and science. We are primarily interested in the perceptual structure of visual experience and how it can be represented.

Recent submissions

  • Toward quantifying ambiguities in artistic images 

    Wang, Xi; Bylinskii, Zoya; Hertzmann, Aaron; Pepperell, Robert (ACM, 2020-11-01)
    It has long been hypothesized that perceptual ambiguities play an important role in aesthetic experience: A work with some ambiguity engages a viewer more than one that does not. However, current frameworks for testing ...
  • Slow Looking at Slow Art: the Work of Pierre Bonnard 

    Chamberlain, Rebecca; Pepperell, Robert (MIT Press, 2020-03-11)
    Slow looking is an increasingly prevalent strategy for enhancing visitor engagement in the gallery, yet there is little research to show why looking at artworks for longer should be beneficial. The curator of a recent ...
  • Neuroscience and Posthuman Memory 

    Pepperell, Robert (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016)
    In the early 1980s a remarkable piece of evidence was uncovered about the importance of the brain in our everyday conscious life, but it has not been widely discussed since. At that time a young man was given one of the ...
  • Improvements in and relating to image making 

    Pepperell, Robert; Burleigh, Alistair (United States Patent Application, 2015-12-17)
    A method of making an image of a scene (including a scene made by the method) generally corresponding to that perceived by the human brain via the human eyes, the method including the steps, in any Suitable order, of ...
  • Preference Analysis of Architectural Facades by Multidimensional Scaling and Unfolding 

    Bove, Giuseppe; Ruta, Nicole; Mastandrea, Stefano (Springer, 2019-09-07)
    The methods of paired comparison and ranking play an important role in the analysis of preference data. In this study, first we show how asymmetric multidimensional scaling allows to represent in a diagram the preference ...
  • Comparing Angular and Curved Shapes in Terms of Implicit Associations and Approach/Avoidance Responses 

    Palumbo, Letizia; Ruta, Nicole; Bertamini, Marco (PLoS, 2015-10-13)
    Most people prefer smoothly curved shapes over more angular shapes. We investigated the origin of this effect using abstract shapes and implicit measures of semantic association and preference. In Experiment 1 we used a ...
  • Egocentric vision in a 3D game using linear perspective and natural rendering 

    Pepperell, Robert; Ruta, Nicole; Burleigh, Alistair (2019-09-12)
    Humans naturally see the world from an egocentric perspective. But important questions remain about how best to represent this perspective in image media. Most computer graphics engines use linear perspective (LP) to ...
  • Does visual space correspond to imagined space? 

    Ruta, Nicole; Burleigh, Alistair; Pepperell, Robert (2019-08)
  • Problems and Paradoxes of Painting and Perception 

    Pepperell, Robert (Brill Academic Publishers, 2019-09-11)
    This illustrated essay highlights some conceptual problems that arise when we consider the nature of visual perception and its relationship to art. Science proceeds on the assumption that natural phenomena operate rationally ...
  • Geometry vs Realism: an exploration of visual immersion in a synthetic reality space 

    Lawrence, Abbie; Loudon, Gareth; Gill, Steve; Pepperell, Robert; Baldwin, Joseph (2019-09-03)
    With the broader aim of using a synthetic reality environment to improve and develop packaging designs for Welsh food Small-Medium Enterprises (SME), two studies were undertaken in a simulated environment to explore the ...
  • Imaging human vision: an artistic perspective 

    Pepperell, Robert (Society for Imaging Science and Technology, 2017-01-29)
    The purpose of artistic practice has frequently been to translate human visual experience into pictures. By viewing these pictures we can retrospectively share something of the world the artist saw, and the way he or she ...
  • Natural Perspective: Mapping Visual Space with Art and Science 

    Burleigh, Alistair; Pepperell, Robert; Ruta, Nicole (MDPI, 2018-05-07)
    Following its discovery in fifteenth-century Italy, linear perspective has often been hailed as the most accurate method of projecting three-dimensional visual space onto a two-dimensional picture plane. However, when we ...
  • Food for Thought: A research-led approach to improved Welsh food industry competitiveness 

    Lawrence, Abbie; Gill, Steve; Pepperell, Robert; Loudon, Gareth (2019-06-27)
  • A comparison between preference judgments of curvature and sharpness in architectural façades 

    Ruta, Nicole; Mastandrea, Stefano; Penacchio, Olivier; Lamaddalena, Stefania; Bove, Giuseppe (Taylor and Francis, 2018-12-28)
    Can curvature drive preference, perceived familiarity, complexity, stability and approachability for architectural façades? In this study, we generated four versions of the same reference building, varying only the amount ...
  • Emotive architecture – Sensory design evaluation of schools 

    Grant, Phil; Littlewood, John; Pepperell, Robert (LSIPublishing, 2018-09)
    Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) is an established process for assessing the thermal performance of buildings already constructed and in use. It could be argued that POE tends to focus predominantly on assessing whether ...
  • View From Outside the Viewing Sphere 

    Koenderink, Jan; van Doorn, Andrea; Pepperell, Robert (SAGE, 2018-05-23)
    The ‘viewing sphere’, as defined by Euclid and explored by Gibson as the ‘optic array’, is generally thought of as wrapped around the eye. Can an observer step out of it? With currently popular photographic techniques, the ...
  • Consciousness as a Physical Process Caused by the Organization of Energy in the Brain 

    Pepperell, Robert (Frontiers Media, 2018-11-01)
    To explain consciousness as a physical process we must acknowledge the role of energy in the brain. Energetic activity is fundamental to all physical processes and causally drives biological behavior. Recent neuroscientific ...
  • Art, energy and the brain 

    Pepperell, Robert (Elsevier, 2018-05-18)
    Recent years have seen a growing interest among neuroscientists and vision scientists in art and aesthetics, exemplifying a more general trend towards interdisciplinary integration in the arts, humanities and sciences. ...
  • Fovography: A naturalistic imaging media 

    Burleigh, Alistair; Pepperell, Robert; Ruta, Nicole (IEEE, 2018-01-11)
    The aim of our research is to improve the way visual experience is depicted in imaging media by increasing the naturalism of the media. Numerous technical methods for depicting the visual world currently exist. Most of ...

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