An investigation into the relationship between youth custody and successful rehabilitation of male young offenders
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In recent years there has been an increase in the amount of young people reoffending when they leave youth custody, in particular males. When young males enter custody, they are often defined as 'in need' under Every Child Matter and section 17 of the Children Act 1989 guidelines. There has been emphasis put on youth custody services that they should be successfully rehabilitating young men however it has become predominant that 'risk factors' are having a greater influence on young men reoffending than originally anticipated. Youth custody establishments provides interventions and programmes which aim to help young men reengage back into society. Yet the success rates of these programmes is small due to services needing to adopt a more 'individualized' approach as the youth offending population is changing. The success rates of youth custody should not be forgotten but more emphasis on changing services is needed. However with recent budget cuts it is questionable how much change can happen. METHOD: The researcher used a systematic approach to conduct this study. The systematic review identified literature suitable to answering the research question; then the chosen studies where critically appraised to ensure they were appropriate and valid to be included in the study. RESULTS: The results showed a higher percentage of males in custody which shows the imbalance of males and females in custody. The studies identified seven themes which were all identified as relevant in answering the research questions. The themes are; family support, professional support, education training and employment programmes, sustainable accommodation, substance misuse, sporting programmes and resettlement. DISCUSSION: The discussion expands on the themes found from the literature and relates them to the research question. The themes are supported by theoretical perspectives and government policies and frameworks. Additionally limitations of conducting secondary research.
BSc (Hons) Health and Social Care
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