A comparative study exploring the perceptions of FGM with Somali women born in South Wales and women born in Somalia, but now living in Wales
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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This research explores whether there are any differences in perceptions and awareness of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) amongst women in the Somali community born and resident in Cardiff, South Wales and women born in Somalia, now resident in Cardiff, South Wales. An extensive literature review was conducted on this delicate, sensitive topic. The methodology adopted was a qualitative analysis of data collected from a purposive sampling of a group of women within the age range of 19-35 years old from the Somali community in Cardiff. Using a thematic analysis approach to analyse the information on a set of self-completed questionnaires and using the same participants for a focus group, qualitative data was obtained and analysed deductively to arrive at the main themes. The data revealed several themes such as family dynamics, societal pressure, generational perceptions, the role of male members of families, views, awareness and impact of FGM and the effectiveness of legislation. The results for each theme for the two different groups of Somali women were identified, compared and contrasted. The findings suggest that FGM is prevalent in the Somali community in Cardiff and there is a strong awareness of the practice in both groups. The findings also show that the majority in both groups favoured total eradication of FGM, amongst those who did not, there was a distinction between the types of FGM supported. The group born in South Wales accepted the less severe form or ‘sunna’ type whereas from the group born in Somalia, the more drastic form seemed to be acceptable. The research findings also identified a small minority of women who had very entrenched views on FGM. The research findings is also a springboard for further investigation into how these mind sets can be explored further.
BSc (Hons) Health and Social Care
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