The Attitudes Toward CAM Before and After Reflexology Treatments Amongst Male Adults With Low Back Pain
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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BACKGROUND: Some studies suggest that, for the treatment of chronic conditions, females tend to use and believe in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) more than males. Previous studies have shown changes in people’s motivations and attitudes toward CAM after experiencing the wider effects of a treatment. This research explores whether the attitudes of male adults towards CAM change after reflexology treatments. RESEARCH QUESTION: Would male adults change their attitudes towards CAM after receiving reflexology treatments? METHOD: In the single-subject experimental design (SSED), six participants received four reflexology treatments. The data was collected using a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), the Oswestry Analogue Low Back Pain Disability questionnaire (ODQ) and the Holistic and Alternative Health Questionnaire (HCAMQ). The outcomes were analysed using Excel and descriptive statistics. The measures were taken at baseline, intervention and follow-up. RESULTS: The HCAMQ data suggested a trend of improved attitudes towards CAM in five out of six participants. CONCLUSION: A trend of improved attitudes toward CAM was suggested. Due to the small sample size and nature of the design, the study results were limited. Larger studies into gender-specific attitude were recommended.
B.Sc. (Hons) Complementary Therapies
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