Is there a relationship between movement competencies, balance and core
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The main aim of this research was to investigate whether certain physiological areas, specifically movement competencies, core stability and balance had a relationship with maximum club head speed (CHS) in a golf swing from different golfing abilities. Twenty two male golfers (mean age 20 ± 1.1 years), volunteered for the study and were divided into two groups based on their handicap (low handicap group = ≤16, high handicap group = >16). Participants completed the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) tests; a straight plank and two side planks (on left and right sides) and a Y-Balance test. Additionally swing analysis was completed using a simulator; participants hit nine golf balls at maximum effort using different clubs (pitching wedge, 5 iron, driver) and results were recorded. Analysis revealed large negative correlations with handicap and CHS of the pitching wedge (r = -0.521) and 5 iron (r = -0.511). Moderate positive correlations were also identified with the straight plank and pitching wedge CHS (r = 0.330, P = >0.05) and right side plank and 5-iron (r = 0.312, P = >0.05). The FMS test, trunk stability push up and CHS with the pitching wedge showed large correlations (r =0.569, P = <0.05) and the 5 iron moderate correlations (r = 0.439, P = <0.05). Large correlations were identified with the left leg on the active leg raise and ball speed recorded with a pitching wedge (r = 0.648, P = <0.05). Paired T-tests reported significant differences between high and low handicap groups for the pitching wedge and 5 iron CHS (P = <0.05). The findings of this research suggest that lower handicap golfers possess greater competencies on the physiological tests, which could result in the development of greater CHS. Practitioners could apply these findings in strength and conditioning programs to improve golfing performance
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) SPORT AND EXERCISE SCIENCE
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