A Qualitative Multi-method Investigation into the effects of anxiety on free throw
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Objective: The purpose of the study was to qualitatively examine the anxiety effects on free-throw performance through a multi-method approach. Design and Methods: Four experienced male basketball players were interviewed alongside video footage of their free throw performances in a low-threat, high-threat and in-game condition. Semi structured interviews were used to collect in-depth explanations of participants anxiety, coping mechanisms, control perceptions and gaze behaviour during each condition. Results and Conclusion: The key findings of the study show possible support for both attentional and directional explanations to performance impairments under elevated levels of anxiety. The study also found that participants used pre-shot routines, controlled breathing and self-talk during elevated levels of anxiety. Specifically, participants described focus enhancing qualities from using pre-shot routine, relaxing qualities from controlled breathing and self-confidence enhancements when using self-talk.
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) SPORT AND EXERCISE SCIENCE
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