Analysis of Scoring Opportunities in Taekwondo
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The purpose of this study was to analyse and compare the strategies between genders and the attacking strategies employed by elite taekwondo competitors. The type of attack, side of the body used to execute the attack, the height at which the attack was aimed and whether the attempted attack was successful or unsuccessful were recorded. A mixture between hand and computerised notation system was used to gather information for each athlete and documented on a predesigned coding template. The data was collected post fight using pre-recorded competitive bouts. Reliability measures were completed with intra operator reliability, resulting in the test being found as reliable. The results were analysed using the Mann-Whitney U test that compared the genders. The conclusion identified both genders use a similar strategic approach however females were more successful with the use of their left leg than males, and it also showed they were more successful with attacking techniques to the head than males. No significant differences (P<0.05) were found from the results for any of the action variables involved between genders. The results indicated that males and females both have similar strategies and tactics towards their fight. Coaches and athletes can derive much from this information, which includes highlighting the athlete’s weaknesses and identifying techniques and skills that can be improved and addressed in training. Analysing weaknesses can be beneficial to the coach who can provide feedback to the athlete. Feedback can be generated for individual athletes either prior to, or after a competition, which will assist in developing their techniques and achievements.
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) SPORT AND EXERCISE SCIENCE
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