The Differences between Coach’s’ and Athletes’ Perceptions of the Constructs of Closeness, Commitment and Complementarity within Coach-Athlete Relationships
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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This study examined the differences of coaches and athletes perceptions of the levels of Closeness, Commitment and Complementarity (3C’s) within coach-athlete relationships. The secondary aim was to compare the differences of the 3C’s between team sport participants and individual sport participants. The coaches (N= 55) and athletes (N = 55) from team (N= 30) and individual sports (N = 80) completed the Coach-Athlete Relationship Questionnaire (CART-Q), from direct and meta perspectives. MANOVA revealed no significant difference for the meta perspective of the 3C’s for the coach and athlete variable. Further analysis revealed no significant main effect for both the direct and meta perspective of the 3C’s for the team and individual independent variable. Coach and athlete main effects for the direct perspective were indicated. Follow up Bonferroni t-tests revealed significant differences between coaches and athletes perceptions of closeness and commitment. Specifically, the results indicated that athletes perceived they were closer and more committed to their coaches than the coaches did to their athletes. These findings may create practical implications for the coach-athlete relationship such as developing coaches feelings towards their athletes. The sport type did not affect the levels of the 3C’s experienced or perceived within the coach-athlete relationship and therefore athletes and coaches should be made aware that sport type does not affect these specific constructs of the relationship.
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) SPORT DEVELOPMENT
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