The effect of age and gender on physical self-perception and PE enjoyment of children and the relationship between PE enjoyment and physical self worth
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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This study measured the effects of gender and age on physical self-perception (sporting competence, physical strength, physical condition, body attractiveness) and physical self worth (PSW)), PE (physical education) enjoyment, followed by the relationship between PSW and PE enjoyment. Physical self-perceptions were measured using the physical self-perception profile (PSPP) and PE enjoyment by an enjoyment rating scale. Participants (n = 152) were split into groups dependent on gender (males vs females) and year group (7 to 11). Correlation and univariate analysis of variance techniques were employed to analyse age and gender differences and the relationship between PE enjoyment and PSW. A significant age effect was found with respect to sporting competence and physical strength scales and PE enjoyment (p < .05). No other age effects were discovered. No significant gender differences were found for any of the sub-domains of physical self-esteem, PSW or PE enjoyment (p > .05). No interaction was found between age and gender. Results also indicate no relationship between PSW and PE enjoyment for either males (r = .019) or females (r = .00). The null hypothesis was rejected for the effects of age on sporting competence and physical strength and accepted for all the other sub-domains of physical self-perception, PSW and PE enjoyment for age and gender. The age and gender effects are discussed separately, followed by acceptance of the null hypothesis for the relationship between PSW and PE enjoyment.
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