Physiologically assessing the effectiveness of soccer training using heart rate telemetry
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of various types of soccer training in physiologically preparing a player for the demands of a competitive soccer match. This was achieved using heart rate (HR) as and indicator of work-rate, and more specifically, HRmax and average HR. Ten recreational players (age 23.70 + 4.60 yrs; BM 77.50 + 10.15 kg; height 1.80 + 0.08 m) participated in three specifically designed training sessions and one competitive match, during which their physiological stress was measured and recorded using HR telemetry (Polar Team System – Kempele, Finland). The team’s normal training session (training session 1) was 60-min in duration, and included a game situation consisting of an equal number of players, training session 2 was 90-min in duration and included a small-sided game situation, and training session 3 was also 90-min in duration, and included an 11-a-side game situation. There was no significant difference between the mean HRmax of the competitive soccer game and that of training session 1 (p=0.11), training session 2 (p=0.18), or training session 3 (p=0.11). Additionally, the average HR of the competitive soccer game was significantly greater than that of training session 1 (p=0.05) and training session 3 (p=0.002); however, there was no significant difference between the competitive match and training session 2 (p=0.10). In conclusion to these findings, a training session consisting of a small-sided game situation was established as being the most appropriate training regime in physiologically conditioning and preparing a player for the demands of competition.
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