The differences in the acute affects of several PAP protocols on sprint performance using an individual analysis
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The purpose of this study was to examine the individual responses to four different PAP protocols on subsequent 20m Sprint performance. 5 Male university sprinters (mean ±SD age 20.4± 0.55 years, height 181.0± 4.2 cm, and body mass 77.0±7.68 kg) each performed 5 maximal 20m sprints from blocks to gather a value for typical estimate of error (TEE), then in the following sessions four interventions were performed; a 5RM back squat, 5 Counter movement jumps in series, and two 10s sled-tows for 10s duration one with the unloaded sled (12.5kg) and one at %50 bodyweight. No significant improvements were seen across the group (p< 0.05), however the further individual analysis illuminated some of the improvements that were masked by the group analysis. The TEE was used to suggest a value for the smallest worthwhile change in performance, which was used to identify any improvements that were meaningful. Improvements ranging from 0.6-6.7% were observed and It was shown that the improvements varied across the five participants, with each individual responding differently, the mechanisms for each requiring further analysis. It reinforces the individual nature of PAP and the individual considerations that need to be made when looking to use PAP to improve either competitive performance or to be utilized in a training program.
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) SPORT AND EXERCISE SCIENCE
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