The Effect of Reflective Practice on Negative Incidents within Women’s Hockey.
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the experience of athletes using reflecting practice (RP) on negative incidents within training and competition. Seven female hockey players between the age of 18 and 22 years old (M = 19.7 years; SD = 1.25 years) were purposively selected with a range of athletic ability to participate in a six week long study that required them to reflect on their training and competition experiences once per week for six weeks. The reflective model proposed by Cropely et al. (2010) was used to help the participants structure their reflections effectively. After six weeks of reflecting the participants were independently interviewed about their experiences of the reflective process. All interviews were transcribed and subjected to inductive content analysis procedures to qualitatively examine the key emergent themes. All participants reported that taking part in the RP study was beneficial for them, the use of the RP model improved over the first two weeks but after this it started to become more difficult to find negative incidents to reflect on, leading to the process becoming less useful. By the end of the six weeks the process had become a chore due to the time it took to reflect, however all stated that they would use RP after the process but only on the odd occasion perhaps not by using the model to record their reflections. One participant stood out in the study as different, although she claimed to be a negative person she found RP to be useful as an approach to solving problems for her. Most participants stated that their hockey had improved as a result of RP. The study indicates that a focused use of RP is effective but that it works if delivered over a relatively short time scale, i.e. greater than two weeks but less than six. How long the positive affects last for and how to continue to use RP is not answered by this study. However, changing the focus of the study and reflecting in pairs or as a team have been proposed.
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) SPORT COACHING
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