Why do individuals drop out of sport and physical activity after full time education
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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There have been a number of authors that has expressed the benefits of sport and physical activity (Kannel & Sorlie, 1979; Silvestri, 1997; Warburton, Nicol & Bredin 2006; Hardman & Stensel, 2009; World Health Organisation, 2014). Despite the overwhelming benefits a significant number of individuals still don’t regularly interact in sport and physical activity (Allender, Cowburn & Foster, 2006; UK Sport, 2006; Wales Audit Office, 2007; Sport Wales, 2012; Sport England, 2014d). A lot of research has been done to understand the reason why individuals drop out of sport and physical activity. According to Sport England (2013a) 47% of 16-25 year olds don’t take part in sport or physical activity at all. The number of individuals that drop out of sport and physical activity also increases with age (Sport England, 2013b). As 16-25 year olds seem to be the start of the downward curve, further investigation is needed. This study explored the reasons why individuals drop out of sport and physical activity after full time education and what can be done in the future to prevent dropout. A qualitative approach was used during this study amongst those individuals who were inactive. Semi structured interviews were used during the data collection process (n=6) to explore the reasons why the participants had dropped out of sport and physical activity after full time education. The key themes that arose from the data analysis were social factors (.e.g. Peer pressure), psychological factors (e.g. Motivation) and environmental factors (e.g. Access). These themes were in many cases heavily influenced by college and school sport experiences and government / providers. The participants believed that there are a number of factors that can decrease the amount of individuals that drop out of sport and physical activity after full time education, for example, making gym/leisure facilities more accessible. A recommendation for further research would be investigating how to make gym/leisure facilities more accessible
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) SPORT DEVELOPMENT
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