The different mechanical modifications made between males and females over the two conditions of shod and barefoot recreational distance running.
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Background: The risk of overuse injuries are high in distance running and the impact barefoot running may have on reducing overuse injuries and the mechanical responses of females compared to males has received little attention in the barefoot running debate. Aim: The study explored the different mechanical modifications made between males and females over the two conditions of shod and barefoot distance running. Method: Twelve participants were recruited for this study, six male (age: 20±0.8 years; mass: 63.3±0.9 kg: height: 167.2±6.8 cm), and six female (age: 20±0.8 years: mass: 73.8±3.1 kg: height: 174.3±9 cm). Normal running attire and neutral running shoes were worn as each participant completed a 40 M run in both shod and barefoot conditions. Sagittal plane kinematic angle measurements were taken using the CODA motion software and one Kistler force plate was used to gather kinetic data. Results: The results showed a significant increased flexion in the ankle in the barefoot by 9.61±1.1º (males) and 11.2±1.47º (females). The rate of loading was also found to be significant (P< 0.05) between shod and barefoot in the males with an increase from 2.05±70 (barefoot) and 1.16±0.4 (shod). The foot placement changed significantly in the shod and barefoot conditions with males and females responded similarly. Conclusion: The findings conclude that there are different mechanical modifications made between shod and barefoot running however there are very little differences of males compared to females. Whether barefoot running will reduce injury for either males or females is yet to be determined and future studies should incorporate a barefoot training programme to study the long term effects.
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) SPORT AND EXERCISE SCIENCE
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