|dc.description.abstract||Performance analysis has become a key element used to aid coaching and feedback
within team sports. Within rugby union performance analysis assists learning by analysing
both individual and team performances. Set pieces, possession, territory and rucks have
been highlighted as keys aspects of performance that determine success. Limited
literature around rucks and the speed of recycled ball has left room for investigation.
Therefore, the following study investigated the relationship between distance made and
the speed at which the recycled ball was played from a ruck and whether this had an effect
on winning performances.
Videos from the 2013 6 Nations and 2013 Rugby Championships were used with four
Southern and four Northern hemisphere teams analysed, two games for each team.
SportsCode was the analysis system used to create a coding window with buttons
enabling coding to be completed, in order to collect separate clips permitting time to be
extracted and analysed in Microsoft Excel and SPSS. A Pearson’s correlation test
revealed inconsistent correlations (p<0.05 and p<0.01) between distance and the speed of
recycled ball (TG_RE) for successful and unsuccessful teams, as well as Northern and
Southern hemisphere teams. It became clear that winning teams played the ball quickly
(<3s) more frequently with 68.4% of rucks being fast compared to losing teams (62.1%).
Nevertheless, a One-Way ANOVA text exposed no statistically significant differences
between winning and losing teams (p<0.05). Successful performances saw quick ball
being utilised more frequently than unsuccessful performances no matter how much
distance was gained or lost although quick ball was exploited most when ground was
The findings of the present study revealed winning performances using a greater
percentage of quick ball more frequently than unsuccessful performances and the greatest
percentage of quick ball being utilised when distance was gained before the ruck for
winning, losing, Northern and Southern hemisphere teams. Therefore, the findings
suggest that distance gained or lost does have an effect on the speed at which the
recycled ball is played.||en_US