Comparative effects of ice baths on physiological restoration, perceived recovery and repeated sports performance in university hockey players
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The intention of this investigation was to determine the effect of ice baths on recovery from delayed onset muscle soreness. This study is one of few studies to incorporate measurements of performance, physiological restoration and perceived muscle soreness, while examining the effects of ice baths on the alleviation from DOMS. The study observes the impact an ice bath has on these aspects of recovery, in search of evidence to support the utilisation of this recovery strategy in university field hockey. Quantitative methods were employed in search of results predetermined by the aims of the study. 12 participants were involved in the testing process, which was carried out over two weeks. The study utilised a crossover design where participants experience the ice bath intervention in one of the weeks while receiving no intervention during the other week. The non-intervention week was treated as a control, against which data collected during the ice bath intervention week could be compared. The participants underwent performance (drop jumps), physiological status (creatine kinase) and perceived muscle soreness testing prior to undergoing a predetermined eccentric exercise plan to induce the effects of delayed onset muscle soreness. Participants then either experienced the ice bath intervention immediately post exercise under precise protocol or received no recovery intervention. They were retested 24 and 48 hours post exercise. Following data collection, statistical analysis commenced to recognize trends in the data. Statistical significance (p<0.05) was evident throughout the results, however on a practical basis, these results should not be considered entirely reliable. Further research is required in the field to substantiate the evidence behind the use of ice baths as a recovery intervention and prevent anecdotal recommendation. Future research should also focus on establishing set protocol for optimised us of ice baths, as this is still highly contradictory and inconclusive.
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) SPORT CONDITIONING, REHABILITATION AND MASSAGE
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