The influence of extracurricular after school club physical activity on health related fitness levels in year nine children.
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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This study aimed to investigate the impact that after school club physical activity has on year nine children’s health related fitness levels. Research was undertaken in a large comprehensive school within Wiltshire, England. The sample comprised of 41 year nine students of mixed academic and physical ability (males, n = 21; females, n = 20) with a mean age of 13.9 ± 0.3 SD years. Participants completed a physical activity questionnaire which examined the total hours of after school club physical activity that participants regularly undertake. Regular attendance in after school club physical activity was categorised at (≥2 hrs/wk) and non-attendance was categorised at (<2 hrs/wk). The following health related fitness components were tested: body mass index (BMI) (weight x height²), muscular strength (hand-grip strength), muscular endurance (timed sit ups), aerobic fitness (cooper run) and flexibility (sit and reach). Comparisons were made between participants who regularly attended after school club physical activity and participants who did not regularly attend after school club physical activity in relation to the health related fitness test results. Anthropometric results established that non-attendance participants were significantly taller and heavier than attendance participants (p<0.05). Health related fitness results demonstrate that attendance participants had significantly better flexibility than non-attendance participants (p<0.05). However, all other components of health related fitness showed no significant differences between the two attendance classifications (p>0.05). Overall, the study demonstrated trends establishing that the health related fitness levels were greater in attendance participants in comparison with non-attendance participants.
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) SPORT AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION
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