THE INFLUENCE OF RULE CHANGE ON ATTACKING STRATEGIES IN ELITE LEVEL WOMEN’S HOCKEY
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Rule changes have become a common facet within modern day sports and as such carefully calculated and researched assessments are required in order to recognise the influence of such changes. The present study investigated the affect that the self – pass rule change had upon utilised attacking strategies within elite level women’s field hockey. Twelve (n=12) elite standard women’s field hockey matches were analysed and assessed in order to help identify any key changes caused by the rule change. In order to aide data collection, the hockey pitch was split into 12, utilising the pitch markings to assist the creation of identifiable zones. Furthermore the circle was then split into 3 zones, ensuring that it was possible to classify the exact areas of circle penetration. These zones were created in order to ensure that the results collected met the initial aims set out within the study. Results suggest that across both sets of data the most common play restart method is that of a free – hit, although considerably less were awarded in 2012, signifying the fact that the advantage rule is being played more often by umpires in order to increase the potential of the sport from a spectators viewpoint. A grand total of 965 self –pass instances were recorded, with a gargantuan 67% occurring within the attacking half, supporting the theory that the self – pass has become a staple part of the game as it is now played. Furthermore a significant difference of p<0.618 was recorded within zone classification, signifying that the self – pass rule change has led to an increase in the speed of play. It was concluded that the self – pass rule change has had a varied impact upon the sport of field hockey, with certain aspects being affected more than others as a result of the introduction. The results are specifically beneficial to those who work within an elite level performance setting. Additionally the coded antecedents allow for a developed understanding as to how teams attack through the utilisation of the self – pass.
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) SPORT COACHING
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