The effect of the self pass rule change on the timings that the ball is actively in play and how long it takes to engage in a self pass, along with the outcome of the attacks from a self-pass, in men’s and women’s
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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In 2009 the FIH decided to change the rules around the way in which the free hits were able to be taken in Hockey. They introduced the self pass rule, which enabled the players to take a free hit by themselves. The rule change was brought in to increase the speed and flow of the game. This study aimed to find out if the rule change had its desired effect on the game and whether there was the same for both men and women. A total of six matches from the London 2012 Olympics; three men and three women, were coding using computer software. Various factors were investigated from time variables, to the outcome of attacks. The results indicated that there was a significant difference between the ball active time for both genders; with the women’s game having 00:22:33.36 (±00:01:37.10) minutes of ball active per half with the men only having 00:20:27.61 (±00:00:55.10) minutes. There was no significant difference in the time to engage in a self pass between the genders; with men taking 5.79 (±5.58) secs and women 5.87 (±4.69) secs. Although there was a significant difference (p<0.00) between the time it takes to engage in a self pass compared to a free hit, for both genders. The results also showed that for both genders the right hand side was the predominant side of which to attack; there were more self passes and free hits on this side, along with more circle penetrations.
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) SPORT COACHING
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