The Impact Sources of Confidence have upon Confidence Levels and Performance.
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Research into the sport-confidence model (Vealey, Hayashi, Garner-Holman, & Giacobbi, 1998) has mainly investigated the salience of sources amongst individual sport athletes and identified differentiations between gender and competition level. Little research has investigated the effect individual sources can have upon confidence levels and performance. To address this, the study generated three subquestions; 1) whether the sources of sport-confidence can predict pre-competition confidence levels, 2) whether individual sources of sport-confidence can predict performance, and finally 3) whether there is a relationship between confidence levels and performance. The current study also identifies the importance placed on each source, along with a gender comparison. University representative team athletes (n=112) completed the Sources of Sport-Confidence Questionnaire (SSCQ), the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory -2 (CSAI-2) and produced a self-report performance rating after competition. Cronbach’s alpha coefficients (1951) measured internal reliability of the nine sources of sport-confidence and the confidence subscale within the CSAI-2. Environmental comfort and physical/mental preparation were the only two subscales not to meet the acceptable criterion, but remained in the study. Two multiple regression (1 and 2) procedures were conducted to establish a statistical prediction between the two variables, and a singular correlation analysis (3) to identify a relationship between the two variables. Data analysis revealed that there are no sources of sport-confidence that can individually predict levels of precompetitive confidence. Similarly, no individual source of confidence could accurately predict confidence levels. However, in line with previous research (Levy, Polman & Nicholls, 2010) a positive relationship was identified between confidence levels and performance. Gender differences revealed that males placed a greater importance on demonstration of ability, whereas, females placed a greater importance on their physical self-presentation and coaches leadership. These findings highlight the importance of confidence, and the importance that emphasis on the appropriate source could potentially bring to performance.
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) SPORT AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION
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