The effect of a passive or active recovery on bowling speed during a ten over spell
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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The current study is an analysis of the effectiveness of a passive, or an active recovery applied to the rest periods when bowling in cricket. The study measured the bowling peak speeds of six healthy male bowlers (20.9 ± 0.96years). Two exercise protocols were prescribed consisting of a ten over spell of bowling (medium to fast paced) under differing recovery periods. One trial used a passive recovery between overs, the other used a three minute active recovery at an intensity of 55%VO2max between overs. Heart rate was measured throughout to maintain active recovery intensity and analyse the heart rate changes during bowling. The results show that there are no significant differences between the speeds in the two trials (p>.05). When using a passive recovery the last over is significantly slower than the tenth over (p<.05). Whereas when using an active recovery speed is significant quicker between the first over and the fifth, sixth and seventh overs. The fatigue of speed is greater using a passive recovery (12.78 ± 3.63%) compared to active recovery (9.72 ± 1.80%) although not significantly different at the 0.05 level of significance, The key findings of the study are the suggestion that using an active recovery may maintain bowling speed to a greater level than passive recovery, however the results were not significant at the 0.05 level. this is could be linked to the greater amount of oxygen transported to the working muscles aiding the replenishment of Adenosinetriphosphate in three minutes of recovery, however further research is essential to reaffirm this suggestion.
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